Born in Rome 1928
Diplomatic Service 1952-1987 and since 1981 in the rank of full Ambassador; Vice Consul, Newark, NJ (USA); Embassy Ankara (1957-59), Sofia (1959-62), Caracas (1963-67), Warsaw (1967-69). At the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Chief East European and CSCE Desk 1969-1975, Assistant Director General Cultural Affairs 1975-77, General Director of Personnel 1977-80. Ambassador in Bonn 1980-87. In charge of Italian Delegations at the OSCE, 2003-2004 (Warsaw, Berlin, Paris). 1987-2000, Judge in the Council of State, February-May 1996, Undersecretary of State for European Affairs in Italian Foreign Office.
Head of Chair of International Studies and Visiting Professor in many Italian and foreign universities.
Since 1988, Past President, German-Italian Cultural Centre Villa Vigoni, Menaggio (Como Italy) 1986-2007; since 2000 President, Centro Italiano di Studi per la Conciliazione Internazionale, Rome and Accademia di studi italo-tedeschi, Merano; Member of the Board of many institutions and associations (among them: International Strategic Studies, London).
Pubblications: books on Venezuela, on the Italian Foreign Ministry, on the CSCE and as editor of Manuale della politica estera italiana [Handbook on Italian Foreign Policy ] 1947-1993”, Bari, 1996-98 and of Annuario della politica estera italiana [Yearbook of Italian Foreign Policy] 1996, Napoli, 1999. In German a book on Italy and Germany. More than 450 essays and articles (in Italian and German, occasionally in English and French) concerning International Relations and History, particularly on European and security affairs, Eastern Europe, Germany, Italian Foreign Policy.