The economic growth, that made China second among the world powers after the United States, has been the result of the economic reforms realized after Mao Zedong in two stages: in a first stage, between 1978 and 1989, the reforms were operative in agriculture. They proceeded from The economic growth, that made China second among the world powers after the United States, has been the result of the economic reforms realized after Mao Zedong in two stages: in a first stage, between 1978 and 1989, the reforms were operative in agriculture.
Italy’s great commitment in controlling flows of irregular migrants crossing the Central Mediterranean is well-known. The article examines twenty-five years of such an activity highlighting the recurrent cycles of Italian maritime policy that has shifted from countering the flow of migrants (also on the base of cooperation agreements with Gaddafi) to simply intercepting and rescuing boats transporting them.
The aim of this essay is to analyze the reactions that the eventual Iraqi Kurdistan independence could trigger in the short run. An independent Kurdish entity would endanger Iraq’s integrity and pose a major risk to the Shiite Crescent, which is the Iranian project of implementing and reinforcing a Shiite axis, from Teheran to Damascus. In fact, a newborn Kurdish-Sunni entity could well represent a strong buffer State, potentially acting as a forward base for countering the Iranian expansionism in the region.
Carlo Alberto Miani - Vittorio Rocco di Torrepadula
26 years have passed since the independence of these countries and 13 years since they joined the European Union and the Atlantic Alliance. During this period the political, economic and social situation of the three countries has consolidated towards a growing cohesion within the European Union. However, since the accession to the EU, their relationship with the Russian Federation has
deteriorated, as a result of the Georgian and Ukrainian crisis. The difficult East-West relationship has increased the security and defense needs of the Baltic countries, limiting the volume of investments and exchanges.
In the conflict of 1982, which saw Great Britain and Argentina at loggerheads over the ownership entitlement of the Falkland Islands, Italy’s position was among the most delicate. Indeed, it was on the one hand the European partner and the Atlantic ally of the United Kingdom, and on the other the country of origin of about half the population of Argentina, reflected by the fact that about one million Argentines had an Italian passport: moreover, the economic and commercial exchanges with Buenos Aires were quite exceptional.
The First World War has always been studied, especially in the last years, not only from the military point of view, but also as a methodological gym to discover the social history of the time and other related issues. This is the logical consequence of the real impact that the First World War had at the social level (this was also reflected in the life of people who didn’t fight the war). So many people had fought a completely different war: against hunger, poverty and epidemics that the conflict brought about.
Raffaele Marchetti - Thea Restovin
The current historical period, in which strong ideologies have given way to religious radicalism and its political instrumentalization, calls for a reflection on the role played by faith in international relations. Within these complex international dynamics, Italy has played a significant role.
The Second Vatican Council introduced liturgical changes, one of whose goals was to promote ecumenical dialogue, especially with Protestants. In comparison, Orthodox churches were relatively neglected. In 2005 Benedict XVI urged that the Council be subject to «a hermeneutic of continuity», i.e. that it be interpreted in the light of Catholic tradition and not as a revolutionary act. This article argues that the same approach should apply to ecumenical dialogue. The attempt to protestanise the Catholic liturgy has failed to bring about a rapprochement with Protestant Churches, who have instead become ever more distant from traditional Christianity.