Raimondo Cagiano de Azevedo – Angela Paparusso
Italy turned into an immigration country relatively recently: between 1973 and 1974, after the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War and the international oil crisis, which pushed Northern European countries to close their borders, stopping to recruit workers from abroad. Today, Italy is one of the major access points and destinations for migrants in the European Union (UE), despite the effects of the recent economic crisis.
During the so-called ‘refugees crisis’, the Balkan Route became the crucial path for migrants and asylum seekers attempting to reach Central and Northern Europe. Between 2014 and 2016 the Balkan Route had become practically the only accessible channel towards Europe. This essay focuses on the Balkan Route, with the Greek islands of Lesvos, Chios, Kos and Samo as the main EU entry point. Turkey is not considered an entry point to the Balkan Route; rather, it is considered an exit point of migrants mainly coming from Syria.
Although Arab-Chinese relations are very old, they witnessed a new development with the birth of the Popular Republic of China. Arab countries recognized the new Republic, and China, at its turn, recognized and established relations with all Arab countries. Until the 1990s, however, economic relations were modest. But as China emerged as a significant economic actor, Arab-Chinese trade skyrocketted, reaching some $ 250 billion in 2016. Thus China has become the second largest economic partner of all Arab countries after the EU.
Elisabetta Basile - Claudio Cecchi
The paper explores the role of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) in promoting and enhancing sustainable development. There are no doubts that the BRICS coalition, established only in 2009/10, has already marked its international presence in several ways, reaching major results. After the limited results of the Millennium Development Goals and of the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change, a new institutional framework was built and the contribution of the BRICS was significant both in the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals and in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
Mark Entin - Ekaterina Entina
After the collapse of the bipolar world order, politicians and experts almost everywhere wiped the slate clean, leaving many political and socioeconomic theories behind. Decolonization as a dominant global development trend was among them. This happened partly because the global balance of power had changed drastically and partly because the prevailing political concepts and
narratives had become universal for a short time, but mainly because this benefitted the political establishment in the United States and former colonial powers.
The student protests of 1968 deserve – after 50 years − a new analysis and a critical review. This paper tries to: 1) illustrate briefly the international character of this phenomenon; 2) clarify its philosophical roots; and 3) enucleate the cultural legacy that it also left into the Western mores.